Research Center • Pennsylvania
We all know people who are ALICE — Asset Limited, Income Constrained, Employed. ALICE workers educate our children, keep us healthy, and make our quality of life possible, yet do not earn enough to support their own families. ALICE households are forced to make tough choices, such as deciding between quality child care or paying the rent, which have long-term consequences not only for ALICE, but for all.
In order to better understand this growing population, United For ALICE provides a framework, language, statistics, and tools that community stakeholders can use to inform policy and drive innovation. The Research Center is the hub of UnitedForALICE.org — a one-stop source for exploring the latest ALICE data, on a national scale down to the local level in our partner states. Use the tabs below to navigate the Research Center.
Pennsylvania • 2018 State Overview
Between 2007 and 2018, Pennsylvania experienced steady economic improvements according to traditional measures. Unemployment in the state, as well as across the U.S., fell to historic lows, GDP grew, and wages rose slightly. Yet in 2018, 39% of households still struggled to make ends meet. While 12% of these struggling households were living below the Federal Poverty Level (FPL), another 27% were ALICE: Asset Limited, Income Constrained, Employed. These households earned above the FPL, but not enough to afford basic household necessities.
The ALICE measures show three critical trends at the state level:
ALICE and Poverty in Pennsylvania in 2018
Explore the map and figures below to learn more about ALICE in the state. The map is shaded to show the percentage of households that are below the ALICE Threshold (BAT) for different types. The darker the blue, the higher the percentage. To learn more about ALICE households with children and ALICE households by age and race/ethnicity, visit the Demographics page.
Note: To ensure accuracy and confidentiality, household groups with less than 100 households are not displayed (shown in grey). The categories shown in the map and table are overlapping; households are included in all applicable groups.
Household Type, Pennsylvania, 2018
|Below ALICE Threshold|
|County||Households||% Below ALICE Threshold|
ALICE and Poverty in Pennsylvania Over Time
Households by Income, Pennsylvania, 2010-2018
These figures show change over time in the number of ALICE and poverty-level households for the state or the county/counties selected in the map above.