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Housing

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BROADER COSTS OF UNAFFORDABLE HEALTH CARE

When ALICE households forgo or limit health care and insurance, or can’t afford to hire caregivers or live in healthier communities, their health and household finances suffer, but there are effects on the broader community as well:

Sources

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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2011, January 14). Health disparities and inequalities report, United States, 2011. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), 60(Supplement), 1–114. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/pdf/other/su6001.pdf

DeLia, D., & Lloyd, K. (2014, July). Sources of variation in avoidable hospital use and cost across low-income communities in New Jersey. Rutgers Center for State Health Policy. Retrieved from http://www.cshp.rutgers.edu/downloads/10470.pdf

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2016). Emergency department visits. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/emergency-department.htm

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Wall, T., & Vujicic, M. (2015, April). Emergency department use for dental conditions continues to increase. American Dental Association. Retrieved from http://mediad.publicbroadcasting.net/p/wusf/files/201802/ADA.pdf

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Harvard Medical School. (2010, February). Mental health problems in the workplace. Harvard Mental Health Letter. Retrieved from https://www.health.harvard.edu/newsletter_article/mental-health-problems-in-the-workplace

Parity Project, NAMi–-New York City Metro. (2003). Untreated and under-treated mental health problems — how are they hurting your business? Retrieved from http://www.mentalhealthpromotion.net/resources/untreated-and-undertreated-mental-health-problems-how-are-they-hurting-your-business.pdf

40
CDC Foundation. (2015, January 28). Worker illness and injury costs U.S. employers $225.8 billon annually. Retrieved from https://www.cdcfoundation.org/pr/2015/worker-illness-and-injury-costs-us-employers-225-billion-annually

41
Antonisse, L., Garfield, R., Rudowitz, R., & Artiga, S. (2018, March 28). The effects of Medicaid expansion under the ACA: Updated findings from a literature review. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved from https://www.kff.org/medicaid/issue-brief/the-effects-of-medicaid-expansion-under-the-aca-updated-findings-from-a-literature-review-march-2018/

42
Sommers, B., Blendon, R., & Orav, E. (2016, October). Changes in utilization and health among low-income adults after Medicaid expansion or expanded private insurance. JAMA Internal Medicine, 176(10), 1501–1509. Retrieved from http://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamainternalmedicine/article-abstract/2542420

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Witters, D. (2018). Uninsured rate rises in 17 states in 2017. Gallup. Retrieved from https://news.gallup.com/poll/233597/uninsured-rate-rises-states-2017.aspx?g_source=link_NEWSV9&g_medium=TOPIC&g_campaign=item_&g_content=Uninsured%2520Rate%2520Rises%2520in%252017%2520States%2520in%25202017

MetLife Mature Market Institute. (2010, February). The MetLife study of working caregivers and employer health care costs. Retrieved from https://nrrs.ne.gov/respite/employers/docs/metlife_working-caregivers-employers-health-care-costs.pdf

44
Powell, A. (2016, February 22). The costs of inequality: Money = quality healthcare = longer life. Harvard Gazette. Retrieved from https://news.harvard.edu/gazette/story/2016/02/money-quality-health-care-longer-life/